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FATH ALI SHAH.

CHAPTER LXXVI

THE   DISASTROUS  CAMPAIGNS   WITH   RUSSIA
His Majesty the Shah of Persia, as well in his own name as in that of his
heirs and successors, cedes in full right and property to the Empire of Russia,
the Khanate of Erivan on either side of the Araxes, and the Khanate of
Nakhchivan.—The Treaty of Turkomanchai, Article 3.
The Annexation of Georgia by Russia^ 1800.—In
previous chapters we have traced the earlier phases of
those relations between Russia and Persia which were
now to prove disastrous for the latter. The death of
Catherine and the accession of the Emperor Paul had
caused the struggle for Georgia to cease for a while, but
in due course it was renewed.
Gurgin, or George, who had succeeded his father
Heraclius, had submitted to Path AH Shah, thereby turn-
ing his back on Russia. But that power was not to be
trifled with, and in 1800 George XIII. was compelled to
renounce his crown in favour of the Tsar. This surrender
was naturally unpopular among the nobles, and Alexander,
the younger brother of George, attempted to enlist the
support of Turkey or Persia. In this he failed, although
it was obviously to the interest of Persia to defend
her rights, instead of tamely allowing Georgia to be
annexed by her rival. A rising supported by the
Khan of Karabagh and the Avars was defeated by
General Lazaroff, who afterwards captured Ganja, which
he treated with severity. Georgia was then formally
annexed to the Russian Empire, which was thereby
brought into direct contact with Persia.
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